History Of Electrolysis
One of the earliest observations about the unique healing properties of water was first witnessed by residents in small villages around the world whose primary water source came from snow-capped, mountain runoff streams. The Alps, the Himalayan and Caucasus mountains have historically given water from these streams, seemed to have fewer diseases and lived longer.
The Russians first observed and investigated the properties of this water, wondering if there was something unique in the water that might explain the apparent longevity and healing properties to residents who drank this water. They noted the water was alkaline (pH 8.5-9.5), high in oxidation reduction potential (negative ORP), and micro clustered in structure. Upon this discovery attempts were made to recreate this same water in the laboratory. Due to their awkwardly large size and cost they gave up on efforts to manufacture the machines to recreate this water for consumer use. However, in the early 1950s Japanese scientists picked up where the Russians left off. Within a few years the Japanese had manufactured a smaller, estimated that approximately 20 percent of Japanese households currently use water ionizers. They are also used in hospitals in Japan for treatment of cancer, heart disease, diabetes, gangrene and eczema.
Electrolyzed Reduced Water ( ERW ) is water that has been exposed to an electric current called Electrolysis which separates the charged particles. During ionization, positively-charged ions are drawn to the negative electrode.
Negatively-charged ions are drawn to the positive electrode. Ions with a positive charge like calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium raise the pH and produce alkaline water. Negative ions including phosphorous, chlorine, and sulfur lower the pH and produce acidic water. As I learned in Japan, both types of water are beneficial when used in specific ways.
The chemistry of electrolysis was discovered by Michael Faraday (1791-1867). In the process, electrons are added (reduction) at the cathode side of semi permeable membrane and electrons are removed (oxidation) at anode.
ANODE reaction 2H ² O = = > O ² (g) + 4 H+ + 4 e –
CAT HODE reaction 4H ² O + 4e – = = > 2H ² (g) + 4 O H –
But ionization transforms the resulting water in ways that go beyond the separation of ions. There are three main changes that occur to water during the ionization process. These changes can be responsible for many health benefits when you use the water.
Molecular hydrogen has recently been confirmed by many peer-reviewed journals as the most effective and versatile antioxidant for biological systems. Over 100 research studies have been conducted that show the potential benefits of hydrogen as an effective therapeutic modality for many different diseases. Hydrogen has also been proven as a powerful tool for athletes in performance as well as recovery.
Why is hydrogen so effective?
Molecular Hydrogen is the smallest molecule in existence: Because hydrogen is so small, it can penetrate deep into the cells to eliminate free radicals at their source, in the mitochondria. (Representation of the molecular weights of different antioxidants vs. hydrogen shown below) Also due to its size, hydrogen can easily cross the blood-brain-barrier to eliminate free radicals in the brain.
Hydrogen neutralizes free radicals and turns it into water, leaving no byproducts. (Other antioxidants turn into weaker free radicals themselves after neutralizing free radicals)
Three main changes to Electrolyzed Reduced Water ( ERW )
pH _ Splitting of water into hydrogen (H+) ions and hydroxyl (OH-) ions
ORP _ Generation of free electrons from platinum nanoparticles associating with hydrogen ion to from “Active Hydrogen”
Micro-clustering _Reduction in the nuclear magnetic resonance energy of the H²O molecule.
pH ( potential of hydrogen )
In the chemistry of electrolysis, by convention, the positively charged hydrogen (H+) ions flow towards the anode while the negatively charged hydroxyl (OH-) ions flow towards the cathode. Consequently, electrolysis separates these constitute the “acid” component of the water and the hydroxyl (OH-) ions make up the “alkaline” component.
The term pH stands for “potential Hydrogen”. The more hydrogen (H+) ions are concentrated in a solution, the more acidic it is. While the full pH scale range is from 0 to 14, anything below a pH of seven is considered acidic and anything above seven is considered alkaline (or basic).
In the human body, pH is critical especially in your blood. The pH range that is considered to be normal for blood is between 7.30 and 7.45. Blood pH is a direct indicator of how much oxygen is available for your cells. Blood at a pH of 7.45 contains 65% more excess oxygen than blood at a pH of 7.3.4 Lack of oxygen and the resulting metabolic acidosis is a component of just about every disease we know.
Nobel prize-winning research in the 1930s and 1940s by Dr. Otto Warburg revealed that cancer could not live in an oxygen-rich environment. His research provided evidence that oxygen-starved cells switch to another mechanism for producing energy one that does not require oxygen and one that is capable of surviving in an acidic environment. Since his original research, most disease has been linked with the lack of oxygen and the build-up of acidic wastes.
In today s world, most people s bodies and blood are more acidic than they should be. This is the result of poor diet (heavy in sugar, soft drinks, excessive protein, and refined carbohydrates), dehydration, stress, and environmental pollutants. Each of these contributes to acidosis and unfortunately also to disease and premature aging.
Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP)
The second change that takes place in water during ionization is in the oxidation/reduction potential (ORP). ORP is a measurement of the strength of the oxidizing or reducing power of a solution. Oxidation and reduction reactions involve an exchange of electrons. A negative ORP measurement indicates a surplus of electrons the more negative the number is, the greater the number of surplus electrons. A positive ORP measurement indicates instability. A solution with a positive ORP is hungry for electrons.
|Type of Beverage||pH||ORP||$/Liter|
|Snapple Antioxidant Drink||3.9||+385||2.51|
|Whole Foods Brand 360||6.2||+413||1.78|
|Smart Water (GlaceauJ||7.8||+385||3.38|
|Zaqual & Essentia||9.0||+227||2.95|
ERW (Electrolyzed Reduced Ionized water)
|pH and ORP are defined in the next section…….Click Here|
Most hydrogen in nature is found as hydrogen gas (H²) or as hydrogen ion (H+), where the electron is absent because the single proton in the nucleus of hydrogen exerts a weak pull to hold onto the electron. Active Hydrogen is a hydrogen atom that holds its electron. This extra electron is electrolysis process nanoparticles created through the electrolysis process during which platinum coated plates are charged with an electrical current.
Water that is rich in active hydrogen will therefore have a negative ORP. The more negative the ORP value, the more free radical neutralizing electrons the water contains and the stronger its antioxidant properties. This extra electron is able to react with other compounds in the body to control Redox electric field inside the cell and serve as a rich source of antioxidants that can neutralizing some of the harmful effects of free radicals, helping to restore the health and balance of the cell.
Before knowing the importance of good hydration, we have to thanks Dr. Peter Agre who got the Nobel Prize in October 2003, in Chemistry for discovery of the aquaporin water channels. Aquaporins are “the plumbing system for cells”. Water moves through cells in an organized way, most rapidly in tissues that have aquaporin water channels.
Since our bodies are made up of 60% water, the quality and quantity of water we consume will have a very dramatic impact on our overall state of health. Every healing and life giving process that happens in our body happens through water!
Yet many people do not hydrate themselves enough, or choose to drink coffee, tea, fruit juices, soft drinks, power drinks, and alcohol instead of water. The fact is that these beverages contain acid-forming substances which reduce our ability to absorb and retain water. In the case of alcohol and caffeinated drinks, these actively stimulate the kidneys to produce more urine, causing further water-loss.
Perhaps one of the most significant features of Electrolyzed Reduced Water ( ERW ) is its ability to hydrate cells.
Water molecules come in clusters rather than single molecules. Tap water which is under pressure has very large clusters of 12-14 molecules. The ionization process breaks the electrical bonding of water molecules and restructures the water down to about 5-6 molecules per cluster. This smaller cluster size means that the water can be more easily absorbed into the cells, thereby providing superior hydration for the body and helping to dissolve and flush out acidic solid waste and toxins that have accumulated in the body.
In 1986, a new theory referred to as the molecular water environment theory was proposed at a symposium on cancer. The theory stated that replenishing the crystalline (hexagonally- structured) water in the human body could increase vitality, slow the aging process, and prevent disease. The theory was based on research that revealed the following:
- A greater degree of structure in the water of an infant’s body than in the water of an adult s body..
- A greater degree of structure in the water surrounding healthy DNA than cancerous DNA.
- A greater degree of structure in the water surrounding the proteins of healthy tissue than in the water surrounding the proteins of cancerous tissue.
- The ability of structured water to improve bowel transit time and constipation in a clinical trial.
- The ability of structured water to slow the growth of cultured cancer cells.
Is Electrolyzed Reduced Water ( ERW )Water Safe?
Hydrogen water is absolutely safe. The biological safety of hydrogen-enriched water was tested for mutagenicity, genotoxicity, and sub chronic oral toxicity with no indication of toxicity in the results. You can view the article at: http://Lusa.gov/1jRLO5p
The great thing about hydrogen is that any excess hydrogen will dissipate from your body because it is so small. Because of this there is no risk of build-up in the cell.
How Can Electrolyzed Reduced Water ( ERW ) Help You?
GOOD WATER” IS WATER WITH STRONG DETOXIDATION QUALITIES
Active Hydrogen Alkalized Water, restructured water supplies the body with extra free electrons that can be used to help neutralize disease-causing free radicals. Active Hydrogen Alkalinized Water has an Alkalinized pH along with a strong negative ORP, or Oxidative Reduction Potential, which makes it a very potent antioxidant. Soft drinks, sports drinks, and even most bottled waters have acidic pH and positive ORP. That means they’re actually oxidizing your body and contaminating you with free radicals. Free radicals accelerate aging (wrinkles) and poor health.
- Jhon, M. S., The Water Puzzle and the Hexagonal Key, Uplifting Press, 2004, pp 58-61.
- Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration
- Batmanghelidj, F. MD, Water for Health, for Healing for Life, Warner Books, 2003.
- Whang, S. Reverse Aging 1990, pg. 21.
- Warburg, O. On the Origin of Cancer Cells, Science, 1956, Vol. 13, No. 3191, pp. 309-314.
- Batmanghelidj, F. MD, Water for Health, for Healing for Life, Warner Books, 2003, pp. 93-94.
- Whang, S. Reverse Aging 1990, pg. 51.
- Frassetta, L. et al. Age and systemic acid-base equilibrium: analysis of published data, Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 1996. Vol. 51, Issue 1 B91-B99.
- Vorobjeva NV, Selective stimulation of the growth of anaerobic microflora in the human intestinal tract by electrolyzed reducing water. Med Hypotheses. 2005;64(3):543-6
- Vorobjeva NV,et al. The bactericidal effects of electrolyzed oxidizing water on bacterial strains involved in hospital infections. Artificial Organs, 2004 Jun;28(6):590-2.
- Pangman, MJ Hexagonal Water: The Ultimate Solution, revised edition. Uplifting Press, 2007, pp 10-13.
- Ibid. pg. 9.
- Jhon, M.S. The Water Puzzle and the Hexagonal Key, Uplifting Press, 2004, pg.67.
- Ibid. pp. 59-94
- Ho, Mae-Wan The Rainbow and the Worm: The Physics of Organisms second edition, World Scientific Publishing, 1998 pp. 170-171.
- Ibid. pg. 173.
- Pangman, MJ Hexagonal Water: The Ultimate Solution, revised edition. Uplifting Press, 2007, pg. 7.
- Ibid. pg. 25.
- Whang, S. Reverse Aging 1990, pg. 55
- Soyka, Fred, The Ion Effect, Bantam Books, 1991.